Section 15 - General Products, Chemical Specialties, and End Use Products


15.01 - Refractories; Activated Carbon; Advanced Ceramics

Refractories - standards establish procedures for evaluating chemical behaviors, thermal properties, and strength. Others cover monolithics and refractories for glass. Activated Carbon - specifications and test methods evaluate the properties of activated carbon, including gas phase evaluation tests and liquid phase evaluation. Advanced Ceramics - standards cover thermal systems including heat engines and heat exchangers; armor; fuel cells; sensors/actuators; electronics; coatings; and catalyst substrates. Most feature tests in the areas of mechanical properties, physical properties, performance, and ceramic composites.

15.02 - Glass; Ceramic Whitewares

This volume features specifications for assessing the physical and chemical and properties of glass and glass products. Other standards establish procedures for measuring such properties as abrasion resistance, hardness, particle size, and strength of ceramic whiteware materials.

15.03 - Space Simulation; Aerospace/Aircraft; Composite Materials

Space Simulation and Applications of Space Technology-specifications and practices cover contamination of cleanrooms and controlled environments, space simulation, and thermal protection. Aerospace and Aircraft -standards deal with cleaning materials, flammability, contamination, hydrogen embrittlement, transparent enclosures, and materials. Composite Materials-test methods assess properties of high modulus fibers, interlaminar properties, laminates, sandwich construction, and structural test methods.

15.04 - Soaps and Other Detergents; Polishes; Leather; Resilient Floor Coverings

Soaps and Other Detergents-establishes the chemical requirements for assorted soaps, alkaline detergents, and synthetic detergents. Polishes-standards evaluate properties such as acid number, black marking resistance, saponification number of waxes, powdering, and soil resistance. Leather-standards address tear strength, bursting strength, tensile strength, and water absorption and resistance. Resilient Floor Coverings-practices and test methods for floor preparation, installation, and measuring the properties of floor coverings.

15.05 - Engine Coolants and Related Fluids; Halogenated Organic Solvents and Fire Extinguishing Agents; Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

Engine Coolants-standards cover the chemical and physical properties of engine coolants, dynamometer and road tests, glassware performance tests, and heavy-duty coolants. This section also includes specifications on glycol base engine coolants, recycled engine coolants, reference test materials, and simulated service tests. Halogenated Organic Solvents and Fire Extinguishing Agents-standards cover virgin and reclaimed halogenated solvents and substitutes for ozone depleting chemicals, as well as the handling, transportation, and storage of compressed gases. Industrial and Specialty Chemicals-test methods focus on the analysis and testing of single elements, compounds, or simple mixtures in various stages of purity for consumption, primarily by the chemical industry.

15.06 - Adhesives

These standards concentrate on the adhesive material classification system, adhesives for plastics and construction, hot melt pressure sensitive adhesives, metal bonding adhesives, wood adhesives, and the working properties and durability of adhesives.

15.07 - Sports Equipment, Playing Surfaces and Facilities; Pedestrian/Walkway Safety and Footwear; Amusement Rides and Devices; Snow Skiing

Sports Equipment and Facilities - standards cover items such as headgear and helmets, eye protectors, paintball, and playground surfacing. These include baseball helmet and bicycle helmet tests not found in ANSI or SNELL standards. Pedestrian/Walkway Safety and Footwear - tests, practices, and guides measure slip resistance of footwear on various walking surfaces. Amusement Rides and Devices - guides and practices on the design, manufacture, inspection, and maintenance of amusement rides and devices. This volume also features the new ASTM standard on the classification, design, manufacture, construction, and operation of water slide systems. Snow Skiing - these standards play a preeminent role in all aspects of the snow skiing industry. They cover binding test procedures, Alpine skis, snowboarding, and retail and rental shop procedures.

15.08 - Sensory Evaluation; Vacuum Cleaners; Security Systems and Equipment; Detention and Correctional Facilities; Homeland Security Applications

Homeland Security Applications-standards address CBRNE sensors and detectors, emergency preparedness, training procedures, decontamination, personal protective equipment, building and infrastructure protection, security controls, operational equipment, and terminology. Sensory Evaluation-tests and guides establish standard procedures for controlling and evaluating the characteristics of products, including food, beverages, personal care products, and household items. Standards also cover general sensory applications and sensory theory and statistics. Vacuum Cleaners-tests evaluate filtration efficiency, air performance characteristics, cleanability, durability, and reliability. Security Systems and Equipment-standards focus on protective design of buildings, including blast and forced entry resistant glazing, blast resistant doors, vehicle crash testing of perimeter barriers, and boat barrier perimeters. Test methods and practices also cover controlled access security screening equipment, as well as locking devices. Detention and Correctional Facilities-covers security control systems and detention hardware, including hinges and locks, furnishings, and physical barriers, including swinging door assemblies and chain link barrier systems.

15.09 - Paper and Paper Products; Business Imaging Products

Paper and Paper Products-pecifications establish standard property requirements for paper and paper products. Also includes tests for measuring bursting strength, folding endurance, moisture content, and tear resistance of paperboard and packaging material. Business Imaging Products-test methods and practices cover carbonless, thermal, electrostatic, ink jet, and inked transfer imaging products.

15.10 - Packaging; Flexible Barrier Packaging

Packaging-child resistant packaging and closure systems; consumer, pharmaceutical, and medical packaging; fragility assessment; tape and labels; instrumentation; interior packaging; intermodal and unimodal cargo loading; shipping containers. Flexible Barrier Packaging-food, consumer, and medical device packaging.

15.11 - Consumer Products; Light Sport Aircraft; Unmanned Aircraft Systems; Aircraft Systems; Unmanned Maritime Vehicle Systems (UMVS); Language Services and Products; General Aviation Aircraft

Consumer Products-consumer safety specifications, guides, and performance requirements cover products such as public and home playground equipment, juvenile products, toys, furniture, candles, and pool safety. Light Sport Aircraft-design, performance, quality acceptance tests, and safety monitoring for light sport aircraft (LSA) and their components. LSA include airplanes, sailplane, weight shift control, lighter-than-air, gyroplane, and powered parachutes. Unmanned Aircraft Systems-deals with airframe design and performance, operational and software issues, and pilot/crew qualification for small and large UAS. Also covers sense and avoid system performance guidance. Aircraft Systems- Electrical wiring systems as well as the design, alteration and certification of electric propulsion systems in general aviation aircraft. Unmanned Maritime Vehicle Systems (UMVS) -issues related to UMVS to facilitate an interoperable, modular, and multi-functional f platforms. Language Services and Products-language interpreting, foreign language instruction, language translation, and language testing. General Aviation Aircraft-addresses issues related to design and construction, systems and performance, quality acceptance tests, and safety monitoring for general aviation aircraft that is less than 19,000 pounds and 12 passengers.

15.12 - Livestock, Meat, and Poultry Evaluation Systems; Food Service Equipment

Livestock, Meat, and Poultry Evaluation Systems - equipment design, units of measurement, device performance, user requirements, and predictive accuracy for electronic devices that evaluate composition or quality constituents of livestock, meat, and poultry. Food Service Equipment - Specifications, test methods, and performance requirements for food service equipment intended for use in commercial and institutional establishments, including cooking and warming, energy protocol, cleaning, and sanitation.