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Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 1: Test-bed measurement systems of gaseous and particulate emissions

ISO 8178-1:2017 Publication Description:

ISO 8178-1:2017 specifies the measurement methods for gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions from reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines on a test bed, necessary for determining one weighted value for each exhaust gas pollutant. Various combinations of engine load and speed reflect different engine applications (see ISO 8178‑4).

ISO 8178-1:2017 is applicable to RIC engines for mobile, transportable and stationary use, excluding engines for motor vehicles primarily designed for road use. This document can be applied to engines used, for example, for earth-moving machines, generating sets and for other applications.

In limited instances, the engine can be tested on the test bed in accordance with ISO 8178‑2, to test in field conditions. This can only occur with the agreement of the parties involved. It should be recognized that data obtained under these circumstances may not agree completely with previous or future data obtained under the auspices of this document.

For engines used in machinery covered by additional requirements (e.g. occupational health and safety regulations, regulations for power plants), additional test conditions and special evaluation methods may apply.

Where it is not possible to use a test bed or where information is required on the actual emissions produced by an in-service engine, the site test procedures and calculation methods specified in ISO 8178‑2 are appropriate.

International Classification for Standards (ICS)

ICS Classification Field ICS Field Sub-Group and Number
ICS-13-Environment ICS Transport Exhaust Emissions (13.040.50)
ICS-27-Energy ICS Internal Combustion Engines (27.020)

ICS Related Standards

Cart Document Number Document Title
$103.00 ISO 10054:1998 Internal combustion compression-ignition engines - Measurement apparatus for smoke from engines operating under steady-state conditions - Filter-type smokemeter
$209.00 ISO 11614:1999 Reciprocating internal combustion compression-ignition engines -- Apparatus for measurement of the opacity and for determination of the light absorption coefficient of exhaust gas
$68.00 ISO 15031-1:2010 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 1: General information and use case definition
$68.00 ISO 15031-2:2010 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 2: Guidance on terms, definitions, abbreviations and acronyms
$45.00 ISO 15031-3:2016 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 3: Diagnostic connector and related electrical circuits: Specification and use
$149.00 ISO 15031-3:2004 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 3: Diagnostic connector and related electrical circuits, specification and use
$162.00 ISO 15031-4:2014 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 4: External test equipment
$232.00 ISO 15031-5:2015 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 5: Emissions-related diagnostic services
$265.00 ISO 15031-5:2011 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 5: Emissions-related diagnostic services
$103.00 ISO 15031-6:2015 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 6: Diagnostic trouble code definitions
$123.00 ISO 15031-6:2010 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 6: Diagnostic trouble code definitions
$45.00 ISO 15031-7:2013 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 7: Data link security
$209.00 ISO 16183:2002 Heavy duty engines - Measurement of gaseous emissions from raw exhaust gas and of particulate emissions using partial flow dilution systems under transient test conditions
$68.00 ISO 16232-1:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 1: Vocabulary
$138.00 ISO 16232-10:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 10: Expression of results
$103.00 ISO 16232-2:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 2: Method of extraction of contaminants by agitation
$103.00 ISO 16232-3:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 3: Method of extraction of contaminants by pressure rinsing
$103.00 ISO 16232-4:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 4: Method of extraction of contaminants by ultrasonic techniques
$103.00 ISO 16232-5:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 5: Method of extraction of contaminants on functional test bench
$68.00 ISO 16232-6:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 6: Particle mass determination by gravimetric analysis
$138.00 ISO 16232-7:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 7: Particle sizing and counting by microscopic analysis
$68.00 ISO 16232-8:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 8: Particle nature determination by microscopic analysis
$103.00 ISO 16232-9:2007 Road vehicles - Cleanliness of components of fluid circuits - Part 9: Particle sizing and counting by automatic light extinction particle counter
$68.00 ISO 17479:2013 Motorcycles - Measurement methods for gaseous exhaust emissions during inspection or maintenance
$232.00 ISO 18854:2015 Small craft - Reciprocating internal combustion engines exhaust emission measurement - Test-bed measurement of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions
$68.00 ISO 19449:2015 Mopeds - Measurement methods for gaseous exhaust emissions during inspection or maintenance
$45.00 ISO 3929:2003 Road vehicles -- Measurement methods for exhaust gas emissions during inspection or maintenance
$209.00 ISO 6460-1:2007 Motorcycles - Measurement method for gaseous exhaust emissions and fuel consumption - Part 1: General test requirements
$19.00 ISO 6460-1:2007/Amd1:2015 - Amendment 1
$209.00 ISO 6460-2:2014 Motorcycles - Measurement method for gaseous exhaust emissions and fuel consumption - Part 2: Test cycles and specific test conditions
$139.00 ISO 6460-2:2007 Motorcycles - Measurement method for gaseous exhaust emissions and fuel consumption - Part 2: Test cycles and specific test conditions
$103.00 ISO 6460-3:2007 Motorcycles - Measurement method for gaseous exhaust emissions and fuel consumption - Part 3: Fuel consumption measurement at a constant speed
$19.00 ISO 6460-3:2007/Amd1:2015 - Amendment 1
$209.00 ISO 6855-1:2012 Mopeds - Measurement method for gaseous exhaust emissions and fuel consumption - Part 1: General test requirements
$103.00 ISO 6855-2:2012 Mopeds - Measurement method for gaseous exhaust emissions and fuel consumption - Part 2: Test cycles and specific test conditions
$103.00 ISO 6855-3:2012 Mopeds - Measurement method for gaseous exhaust emissions and fuel consumption - Part 3: Fuel consumption measurement at a constant speed
$68.00 ISO 789-4:1986 Agricultural tractors -- Test procedures -- Part 4: Measurement of exhaust smoke
$232.00 ISO 8178-1:2006 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 1: Test-bed measurement of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions
$185.00 ISO 8178-10:2002 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 10: Test cycles and test procedures for field measurement of exhaust gas smoke emissions from compression ignition engines operating under transient conditions
$240.00 ISO 8178-11:2006 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 11: Test-bed measurement of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions from engines used in nonroad mobile machinery under transient test conditions
$138.00 ISO 8178-2:2008 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 2: Measurement of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions under field conditions
$45.00 ISO 8178-3:1994 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 3: Definitions and methods of measurement of exhaust gas smoke under steady-state conditions
$138.00 ISO 8178-4:2007 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 4: Steady-state test cycles for different engine applications
$185.00 ISO 8178-5:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 5: Test fuels
$200.00 ISO 8178-5:2008 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 5: Test fuels
$103.00 ISO 8178-6:2000 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Exhaust emission measurement -- Part 6: Report of measuring results and test
$45.00 ISO 8178-7:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 7: Engine family determination
$51.00 ISO 8178-7:1996 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 7: Engine family determination
$45.00 ISO 8178-8:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 8: Engine group determination
$51.00 ISO 8178-8:1996 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 8: Engine group determination
$209.00 ISO 8178-9:2012 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 9: Test cycles and test procedures for test bed measurement of exhaust gas smoke emissions from compression ignition engines operating under transient conditions
$123.00 ISO/TR 9310:1987 Road vehicles - Smoke measurement of compression-ignition (diesel) engines - Survey of short in-service tests
$200.00 ISO/PAS 3930:2009 Instruments for measuring vehicle exhaust emissions - Metrological and technical requirements; Metrological control and performance tests
$107.00 JIS B 8008-9:2004 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Exhaust emission measurement -- Part 9: Test cycles and test procedures for test-bed measurement of exhaust gas smoke emissions from compression ignition engines operating under transient conditions
$107.00 JIS D 1044:2001 Powered two-wheeled vehicles -- Measurement method of exhaust (tail pipe) gases from spark ignition engines
$232.00 ISO 8178-4:2017 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 4: Steady-state and transient test cycles for different engine applications
$45.00 ISO 11102-1:1997 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Handle starting equipment -- Part 1: Safety requirements and tests
$45.00 ISO 11102-2:1997 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Handle starting equipment -- Part 2: Method of testing the angle of disengagement
$68.00 ISO 11424:2017 Rubber hoses and tubing for air and vacuum systems for internal-combustion engines - Specification
$45.00 ISO 11424:1996 Rubber hoses and tubing for air and vacuum systems for internal-combustion engines - Specification
$68.00 ISO 1204:1990 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Designation of the direction of rotation and of cylinders and valves in cylinder heads, and definition of right-hand and left-hand in-line engines and locations on an engine
$103.00 ISO 13332:2000 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Test code for the measurement of structure-borne noise emitted from high-speed and medium-speed reciprocating internal combustion engines measured at the engine feet
$45.00 ISO 13774:1998 Rubber and plastics hoses for fuels for internal-combustion engines - Method of test for flammability
$45.00 ISO 14314:2004 Reciprocal internal combustion engines - Recoil starting equipment - General safety requirements
$68.00 ISO 14396:2002 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Determination and method for the measurement of engine power - Additional requirements for exhaust emission tests in accordance with ISO 8178
$185.00 ISO 15550:2016 Internal combustion engines - Determination and method for the measurement of engine power - General requirements
$200.00 ISO 15550:2002 Internal combustion engines - Determination and method for the measurement of engine power - General requirements
$162.00 ISO 15619:2013 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Measurement method for exhaust silencers - Sound power level of exhaust noise and insertion loss using sound pressure and power loss ratio
$103.00 ISO 19013-1:2005 Rubber hoses and tubing for fuel circuits for internal combustion engines - Specification - Part 1: Diesel fuels
$138.00 ISO 19013-2:2016 Rubber hoses and tubing for fuel circuits for internal combustion engines - Specification - Part 2: Gasoline fuels
$149.00 ISO 19013-2:2005 Rubber hoses and tubing for fuel circuits for internal combustion engines - Specification - Part 2: Gasoline fuels
$138.00 ISO/TS 19425:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Measurement method for air cleaners - Sound power level of combustion air inlet noise and insertion loss using sound pressure
$45.00 ISO 21006:2006 Internal combustion engines - Engine weight (mass) declaration
$45.00 ISO 2261:1994 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Hand-operated control devices -- Standard direction of motion
$103.00 ISO/TS 23556:2007 Performance test method for diesel engine soot-removal devices in lubricating oils - Initial filtration efficiency
$185.00 ISO 2710-1:2000 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Vocabulary -- Part 1: Terms for engine design and operation
$103.00 ISO 2710-2:1999 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Vocabulary -- Part 2: Terms for engine maintenance
$162.00 ISO 3046-1:2002 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Performance - Part 1: Declarations of power, fuel and lubricating oil consumptions, and test methods - Additional requirements for engines for general use
$45.00 ISO 3046-3:2006 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Performance - Part 3: Test measurements
$103.00 ISO 3046-4:2009 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Performance - Part 4: Speed governing
$68.00 ISO 3046-5:2001 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Performance - Part 5: Torsional vibrations
$45.00 ISO 3046-6:1990 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Performance - Part 6: Overspeed protection
$68.00 ISO 4548-1:1997 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines -- Part 1: Differential pressure/flow characteristics
$138.00 ISO 4548-12:2000 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 12: Filtration efficiency using particle counting, and contaminant retention capacity
$45.00 ISO 4548-13:2013 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 13: Static burst pressure test for composite filter housings
$45.00 ISO 4548-14:2016 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 14: Cold start simulation and hydraulic pulse durability for composite filter housings
$68.00 ISO 4548-15:2014 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 15: Vibration fatigue test for composite filter housings
$68.00 ISO 4548-2:1997 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines -- Part 2: Element by-pass valve characteristics
$68.00 ISO 4548-3:1997 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines -- Part 3: Resistance to high differential pressure and to elevated temperature
$162.00 ISO 4548-4:1997 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines -- Part 4: Initial particle retention efficiency, life and cumulative efficiency (gravimetric method)
$68.00 ISO 4548-5:2013 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 5: Test for cold start simulation and hydraulic pulse durability
$45.00 ISO 4548-6:2012 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 6: Static burst pressure test
$45.00 ISO 4548-7:2012 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 7: Vibration fatigue test
$68.00 ISO 4548-9:2008 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 9: Inlet and outlet anti-drain valve tests
$162.00 ISO 6622-1:2003 Internal combustion engines - Piston rings - Part 1: Rectangular rings made of cast iron
$103.00 ISO 6798:1995 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Measurement of emitted airborne noise -- Engineering method and survey method
$68.00 ISO 6826:1997 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Fire protection
$68.00 ISO 683-15:1992 Heat-treatable steels, alloy steels and free-cutting steels - Part 15: Valve steels for internal combustion engines
$68.00 ISO 7967-1:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 1: Structure and external covers
$68.00 ISO 7967-10:2014 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 10: Ignition systems
$138.00 ISO 7967-11:2014 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 11: Fuel systems
$68.00 ISO 7967-12:2014 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 12: Exhaust emission control systems
$138.00 ISO 7967-2:2010 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 2: Main running gear
$173.00 ISO 7967-2:1987 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Vocabulary of components and systems -- Part 2: Main running gear
$68.00 ISO 7967-3:2010 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 3: Valves, camshaft drives and actuating mechanisms
$173.00 ISO 7967-3:1987 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Vocabulary of components and systems -- Part 3: Valves, camshaft drive and actuating mechanisms
$103.00 ISO 7967-4:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 4: Pressure charging and air/exhaust gas ducting systems
$138.00 ISO 7967-5:2010 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 5: Cooling systems
$103.00 ISO 7967-6:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 6: Lubricating systems
$162.00 ISO 7967-7:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 7: Governing systems
$68.00 ISO 7967-8:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 8: Starting systems
$103.00 ISO 7967-9:2010 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Vocabulary of components and systems - Part 9: Control and monitoring systems
$173.00 ISO 7967-9:1996 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Vocabulary of components and systems -- Part 9: Control and monitoring systems
$232.00 ISO 8178-1:2006 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 1: Test-bed measurement of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions
$185.00 ISO 8178-10:2002 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 10: Test cycles and test procedures for field measurement of exhaust gas smoke emissions from compression ignition engines operating under transient conditions
$240.00 ISO 8178-11:2006 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 11: Test-bed measurement of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions from engines used in nonroad mobile machinery under transient test conditions
$138.00 ISO 8178-2:2008 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 2: Measurement of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions under field conditions
$45.00 ISO 8178-3:1994 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 3: Definitions and methods of measurement of exhaust gas smoke under steady-state conditions
$138.00 ISO 8178-4:2007 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 4: Steady-state test cycles for different engine applications
$185.00 ISO 8178-5:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 5: Test fuels
$200.00 ISO 8178-5:2008 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 5: Test fuels
$103.00 ISO 8178-6:2000 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Exhaust emission measurement -- Part 6: Report of measuring results and test
$45.00 ISO 8178-7:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 7: Engine family determination
$51.00 ISO 8178-7:1996 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 7: Engine family determination
$45.00 ISO 8178-8:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 8: Engine group determination
$51.00 ISO 8178-8:1996 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 8: Engine group determination
$209.00 ISO 8178-9:2012 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 9: Test cycles and test procedures for test bed measurement of exhaust gas smoke emissions from compression ignition engines operating under transient conditions
$103.00 ISO 8528-1:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 1: Application, ratings and performance
$103.00 ISO 8528-10:1998 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 10: Measurement of airborne noise by the enveloping surface method
$68.00 ISO 8528-12:1997 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 12: Emergency power supply to safety services
$185.00 ISO 8528-13:2016 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 13: Safety
$68.00 ISO 8528-2:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 2: Engines
$103.00 ISO 8528-3:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 3: Alternating current generators for generating sets
$103.00 ISO 8528-4:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 4: Controlgear and switchgear
$185.00 ISO 8528-5:2013 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 5: Generating sets
$103.00 ISO 8528-6:2005 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 6: Test methods
$103.00 ISO 8528-7:1994 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets -- Part 7: Technical declarations for specification and design
$68.00 ISO 8528-8:2016 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 8: Requirements and tests for low-power generating sets
$123.00 ISO 8528-8:1995 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets -- Part 8: Requirements and tests for low-power generating sets
$103.00 ISO 8528-9:1995 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets -- Part 9: Measurement and evaluation of mechanical vibrations
$103.00 ISO 8999:2001 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Graphical symbols
$173.00 ISO 8999:1993 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Graphical symbols
$107.00 JIS B 8008-9:2004 Reciprocating internal combustion engines -- Exhaust emission measurement -- Part 9: Test cycles and test procedures for test-bed measurement of exhaust gas smoke emissions from compression ignition engines operating under transient conditions
$162.00 ISO 4548-12:2017 Methods of test for full-flow lubricating oil filters for internal combustion engines - Part 12: Filtration efficiency using particle counting and contaminant retention capacity
$232.00 ISO 8178-4:2017 Reciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emission measurement - Part 4: Steady-state and transient test cycles for different engine applications
$103.00 ISO 8528-7:2017 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 7: Technical declarations for specification and design
$68.00 ISO 8528-9:2017 Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets - Part 9: Measurement and evaluation of mechanical vibrations