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Powder metallurgy -- Vocabulary

ISO 3252:1999 Publication Description:

This International Standard gives definitions of terms relating to powder metallurgy1). Powder metallurgy is the branch of metallurgy which relates to the manufacture of metallic powders, or of articles made from such powders with or without the addition of nonmetallic powders, by the application of forming and sintering processes.

The terms are classified under the following main headings:

  1. Powders
  2. Forming
  3. Sintering
  4. Post-sintering treatments
  5. Powder metallurgy materials

An alphabetical index of the terms defined is also given.

1) In English, the abbreviations PM and P/M are often used for powder metallurgy, as in “PM part”, “P/M product”, “PM process”.

International Classification for Standards (ICS)

ICS Classification Field ICS Field Sub-Group and Number
ICS-77-Metallurgy ICS Powder Metallurgy (77.160)
ICS-01-Generalities ICS Vocabularies-Metallurgy (01.040.77)

ICS Related Standards

Cart Document Number Document Title
$68.00 ISO 10070:1991 Metallic powders - Determination of envelope-specific surface area from measurements of the permeability to air of a powder bed under steady-state flow conditions
$88.00 ISO 10076:1991 Metallic powders - Determination of particle size distribution by gravitational sedimentation in a liquid and attenuation measurement
$45.00 ISO 11873:2005 Hardmetals - Determination of sulfur and carbon contents in cobalt metal powders - Infrared detection method
$45.00 ISO 11876:2010 Hardmetals - Determination of calcium, copper, iron, potassium, magnesium, manganese, sodium, nickel and zinc in cobalt metal powders - Flame atomic absorption spectrometric method
$45.00 ISO 11877:2008 Hardmetals - Determination of silicon in cobalt metal powders - Photometric method
$45.00 ISO 13517:2013 Metallic powders - Determination of flowrate by means of a calibrated funnel (Gustavsson flowmeter)
$45.00 ISO 13944:2012 Lubricated metal-powder mixes - Determination of lubricant content - Soxhlet extraction method
$45.00 ISO 13947:2011 Metallic powders - Test method for the determination of non-metallic inclusions in metal powders using a powder-forged specimen
$45.00 ISO 14168:2011 Metallic powders, excluding hardmetals - Method for testing copper-base infiltrating powders
$45.00 ISO 14317:2015 Sintered metal materials excluding hardmetals - Determination of compressive yield strength
$51.00 ISO 14317:2006 Sintered metal materials excluding hardmetals - Determination of compressive yield strength
$45.00 ISO 17352:2008 Hardmetals - Determination of silicon in cobalt metal powders using graphite-furnace atomic absorption
$45.00 ISO 18549-1:2009 Metallic powders - Determination of apparent density and flow rate at elevated temperatures - Part 1: Determination of apparent density at elevated temperatures
$45.00 ISO 18549-2:2009 Metallic powders - Determination of apparent density and flow rate at elevated temperatures - Part 2: Determination of flow rate at elevated temperatures
$68.00 ISO 22068:2012 Sintered-metal injection-moulded materials - Specifications
$123.00 ISO 22394:2010 Hardmetals - Knoop hardness test
$45.00 ISO 23519:2010 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Measurement of surface roughness
$68.00 ISO 26482:2010 Hardmetals - Determination of lead and cadmium content
$68.00 ISO 2738:1999 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals -- Permeable sintered metal materials -- Determination of density, oil content and open porosity
$45.00 ISO 2739:2012 Sintered metal bushings - Determination of radial crushing strength
$68.00 ISO 2740:2009 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Tensile test pieces
$68.00 ISO 28079:2009 Hardmetals - Palmqvist toughness test
$103.00 ISO 28080:2011 Hardmetals - Abrasion tests for hardmetals
$45.00 ISO 28279:2010 Sintered metal materials - Determination of the level of cleanliness of powder-metallurgy parts
$45.00 ISO 3312:1987 Sintered metal materials and hardmetals - Determination of Young modulus
$45.00 ISO 3325:1996 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Determination of transverse rupture strength
$19.00 ISO 3325/Amd1:2001 Precision statement
$51.00 ISO 3326:2013 Hardmetals - Determination of (the magnetization) coercivity
$45.00 ISO 3327:2009 Hardmetals - Determination of transverse rupture strength
$45.00 ISO 3369:2006 Impermeable sintered metal materials and hardmetals - Determination of density
$45.00 ISO 3738-1:1982 Hardmetals - Rockwell hardness test (scale A) - Part 1 : Test method
$45.00 ISO 3738-2:1988 Hardmetals - Rockwell hardness test (scale A) - Part 2 : Preparation and calibration of standard test blocks
$45.00 ISO 3878:1983 Hardmetals - Vickers hardness test
$45.00 ISO 3907:2009 Hardmetals - Determination of total carbon - Gravimetric method
$45.00 ISO 3908:2009 Hardmetals - Determination of insoluble (free) carbon - Gravimetric method
$45.00 ISO 3909:1976 Hardmetals - Determination of cobalt - Potentiometric method
$45.00 ISO 3923-1:2008 Metallic powders - Determination of apparent density - Part 1: Funnel method
$45.00 ISO 3923-2:1981 Metallic powders - Determination of apparent density - Part 2 : Scott volumeter method
$68.00 ISO 3927:2011 Metallic powders, excluding powders for hardmetals - Determination of compressibility in uniaxial compression
$68.00 ISO 3928:2016 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Fatigue test pieces
$88.00 ISO 3928:1999 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals -- Fatigue test pieces
$45.00 ISO 3953:2011 Metallic powders - Determination of tap density
$68.00 ISO 3954:2007 Powders for powder metallurgical purposes - Sampling
$45.00 ISO 3995:1985 Metallic powders - Determination of green strength by transverse rupture of rectangular compacts
$45.00 ISO 4003:1977 Permeable sintered metal materials - Determination of bubble test pore size
$68.00 ISO 4022:1987 Permeable sintered metal materials - Determination of fluid permeability
$45.00 ISO 4489:1978 Sintered hardmetals - Sampling and testing
$45.00 ISO 4490:2014 Metallic powders - Determination of flow rate by means of a calibrated funnel (Hall flowmeter)
$58.00 ISO 4490:2008 Metallic powders - Determination of flow rate by means of a calibrated funnel (Hall flowmeter)
$45.00 ISO 4491-1:1989 Metallic powders - Determination of oxygen content by reduction methods - Part 1: General guidelines
$45.00 ISO 4491-2:1997 Metallic powders - Determination of oxygen content by reduction methods - Part 2: Loss of mass on hydrogen reduction (hydrogen loss)
$68.00 ISO 4491-3:1997 Metallic powders - Determination of oxygen content by reduction methods - Part 3: Hydrogen-reducible oxygen
$45.00 ISO 4491-4:2013 Metallic powders - Determination of oxygen content by reduction methods - Part 4: Total oxygen by reduction-extraction
$68.00 ISO 4492:2013 Metallic powders, excluding powders for hardmetals - Determination of dimensional changes associated with compacting and sintering
$45.00 ISO 4496:1978 Metallic powders - Determination of acid insoluble content in iron, copper, tin and bronze powders
$45.00 ISO 4497:1983 Metallic powders - Determination of particle size by dry sieving
$68.00 ISO 4498:2010 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Determination of apparent hardness and microhardness
$68.00 ISO 4499-1:2008 Hardmetals - Metallographic determination of microstructure - Part 1: Photomicrographs and description
$103.00 ISO 4499-2:2008 Hardmetals - Metallographic determination of microstructure - Part 2: Measurement of WC grain size
$138.00 ISO 4499-3:2016 Hardmetals - Metallographic determination of microstructure - Part 3: Measurement of microstructural features in Ti (C, N) and WC/cubic carbide based hardmetals
$68.00 ISO 4499-4:2016 Hardmetals - Metallographic determination of microstructure - Part 4: Characterisation of porosity, carbon defects and eta-phase content
$45.00 ISO 4501:1978 Hardmetals - Determination of titanium - Photometric peroxide method
$45.00 ISO 4503:1978 Hardmetals - Determination of contents of metallic elements by X-ray fluorescence - Fusion method
$51.00 ISO 4505:1978 Hardmetals - Metallographic determination of porosity and uncombined carbon
$45.00 ISO 4506:1979 Hardmetals - Compression test
$45.00 ISO 4507:2000 Sintered ferrous materials, carburized or carbonitrided - Determination and verification of case-hardening depth by a micro-hardness test
$45.00 ISO 4883:1978 Hardmetals - Determination of contents of metallic elements by X-ray fluorescence - Solution method
$45.00 ISO 4884:1978 Hardmetals - Sampling and testing of powders using sintered test pieces
$45.00 ISO 5754:1978 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Unnotched impact test piece
$185.00 ISO 5755:2012 Sintered metal materials - Specifications
$45.00 ISO 7625:2012 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Preparation of samples for chemical analysis for determination of carbon content
$45.00 ISO 7627-1:1983 Hardmetals - Chemical analysis by flame atomic absorption spectrometry - Part 1 : General requirements
$45.00 ISO 7627-2:1983 Hardmetals - Chemical analysis by flame atomic absorption spectrometry - Part 2 : Determination of calcium, potassium, magnesium and sodium in contents from 0,001 to 0,02 % (m/m)
$45.00 ISO 7627-3:1983 Hardmetals - Chemical analysis by flame atomic absorption spectrometry - Part 3 : Determination of cobalt, iron, manganese and nickel in contents from 0,01 to 0,5 % (m/m)
$45.00 ISO 7627-4:1983 Hardmetals - Chemical analysis by flame atomic absorption spectrometry - Part 4 : Determination of molybdenum, titanium and vanadium in contents from 0,01 to 0,5 % (m/m)
$45.00 ISO 7627-5:1983 Hardmetals - Chemical analysis by flame atomic absorption spectrometry - Part 5 : Determination of cobalt, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, titanium and vanadium in contents from 0,5 to 2 % (m/m)
$45.00 ISO 7627-6:1985 Hardmetals - Chemical analysis by flame atomic absorption spectrometry - Part 6 : Determination of chromium in contents from 0,01 to 2 % (m/m)
$39.00 JIS Z 2502:2012 Metallic powders -- Determination of flow rate by means of a calibrated funnel (Hall flowmeter)
$39.00 JIS Z 2504:2012 Metallic powders -- Determination of apparent density
$39.00 JIS Z 2508:2004 Metallic powders, excluding powders for hardmetals -- Determination of compressibility in uniaxial compression
$39.00 JIS Z 2509:2004 Metallic powders, excluding powders for hardmetals -- Determination of dimensional changes associated with compacting and sintering
$39.00 JIS Z 2510:2004 Metallic powders -- Determination of particle size by dry sieving
$39.00 JIS Z 2512:2012 Metallic powders -- Determination of tap density
$45.00 ISO 4496:2017 Metallic powders - Determination of acid-insoluble content in iron, copper, tin and bronze powders
$68.00 ISO 3927:2017 Metallic powders, excluding powders for hardmetals - Determination of compressibility in uniaxial compression
$68.00 ISO 4492:2017 Metallic powders, excluding powders for hardmetals - Determination of dimensional changes associated with compacting and sintering
$45.00 ISO 5754:2017 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Unnotched impact test piece
$138.00 ISO 16020:2005 Steel for the reinforcement and prestressing of concrete - Vocabulary
$45.00 ISO 197-1:1983 Copper and copper alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 1 : Materials
$45.00 ISO 197-2:1983 Copper and copper alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 2 : Unwrought products (Refinery shapes)
$45.00 ISO 197-3:1983 Copper and copper alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 3 : Wrought products
$45.00 ISO 197-4:1983 Copper and copper alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 4 : Castings
$45.00 ISO 197-5:1980 Copper and copper alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 5 : Methods of processing and treatment
$185.00 ISO 23718:2007 Metallic materials - Mechanical testing - Vocabulary
$209.00 ISO/TR 25679:2005 Mechanical testing of metals - Symbols and definitions in published standards
$103.00 ISO 28401:2010 Light metals and their alloys - Titanium and titanium alloys - Classification and terminology
$51.00 ISO 3134-1:1985 Light metals and their alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 1 : Materials
$51.00 ISO 3134-2:1985 Light metals and their alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 2 : Unwrought products
$88.00 ISO 3134-3:1985 Light metals and their alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 3 : Wrought products
$51.00 ISO 3134-4:1985 Light metals and their alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 4 : Castings
$51.00 ISO 3134-5:1981 Light metals and their alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 5 : Methods of processing and treatment
$45.00 ISO 4885:2017 Ferrous materials - Heat treatments - Vocabulary
$185.00 ISO 4885:1996 Ferrous products - Heat treatments - Vocabulary
$45.00 ISO 6372-1:1989 Nickel and nickel alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 1: Materials
$45.00 ISO 6372-2:1989 Nickel and nickel alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 2: Refinery products
$68.00 ISO 6372-3:1989 Nickel and nickel alloys - Terms and definitions - Part 3: Wrought products and castings
$185.00 ISO 6929:2013 Steel products - Vocabulary
$45.00 ISO 8044:2015 Corrosion of metals and alloys - Basic terms and definitions
$240.00 ISO 8044:1999 Corrosion of metals and alloys -- Basic terms and definitions
$45.00 ISO 8954-1:1990 Ferroalloys - Vocabulary - Part 1: Materials
$45.00 ISO 8954-2:1990 Ferroalloys - Vocabulary - Part 2: Sampling and sample preparation
$45.00 ISO 8954-3:1990 Ferroalloys - Vocabulary - Part 3: Sieve analysis
$58.00 JIS H 7001:2009 Glossary of terms used for shape memory alloys
$68.00 JIS Z 0103:1996 Glossary of terms used in rust and corrosion preventive technology
$45.00 ISO 6372:2017 Nickel and nickel alloys - Terms and definitions