ISO/TR 15655:2003 - $185.00   BUY NOW

Fire resistance - Tests for thermo-physical and mechanical properties of structural materials at elevated temperatures for fire engineering design

ISO/TR 15655:2003 Publication Description:

ISO/TR 15655:2003 identifies test methods already in existence and provides guidance on those that need to be developed to characterize the thermo-physical and mechanical properties of structural materials at elevated temperatures for use in fire safety engineering calculations.

It is applicable to materials used in load-bearing construction in which structural and thermal calculations might be required to assess the performance of elements or systems exposed to either standard fire tests, real or design fire heating conditions

It is recognized that the elevated temperature properties of materials can be determined under a variety of conditions. Since fire is a relatively short transient process lasting from a few minutes to several hours, ideally, the properties determined should reflect the transient thermal and loading conditions as well as the duration of heating that may be experienced in practice. However, it is also recognized that some properties are relatively insensitive to the transient conditions and therefore, alternative steady state test methods may be appropriate. Some properties are sensitive to orientation effects, for example timber, and these should be considered with respect to how the tests are conducted.

In cases where materials undergo either a chemical or a physical reaction during the heating process, it might be impossible to determine an individual property. ISO/TR 15655:2003 gives guidance in selecting a test method to determine an effective value representing a combination of properties. It is also recognized that a test specimen may comprise of a small construction such as that used in the testing of masonry. This often involves building a mini assembly to form a pyramid in order to represent the true behaviour.

Apart from the traditional construction materials such as metals, concrete, masonry and wood, the use of plastics and fibre reinforcement is becoming more common. Therefore these materials have also been included in ISO/TR 15655:2003 to reflect possible future changes in design and advances in materials technology.

In the past, the behaviour of jointing systems in fire has only received a little interest yet their behaviour is fundamental to the performance of composite elements and structural frames. ISO/TR 15655:2003 also addresses jointing systems under individual materials, for example welds for steel, glues for timber, they are considered in that section. However, in many cases the end use of an adhesive is not clear or it covers a range of applications. For this reason a separate category for adhesives is included.

For some materials, it has not been possible to identify an existing standard or laboratory procedure for conducting tests at elevated temperatures under either steady state or, transient heating conditions. In these cases, standards for conducting tests at ambient temperature are identified. These may be considered to form the basis for development into a test method suitable at elevated temperatures.

International Classification for Standards (ICS)

ICS Classification Field ICS Field Sub-Group and Number
ICS-13-Environment ICS Ignitability-Materials (13.220.40)

ICS Related Standards

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$68.00 ISO 10047:1993 Textiles - Determination of surface burning time of fabrics
$138.00 ISO 10093:1998 Plastics - Fire tests - Standard ignition sources
$45.00 ISO 10528:1995 Textiles - Commercial laundering procedure for textile fabrics prior to flammability testing
$162.00 ISO 10840:2008 Plastics - Guidance for the use of standard fire tests
$45.00 ISO 11907-1:1998 Plastics - Smoke generation - Determination of the corrosivity of fire effluents - Part 1: Guidance
$68.00 ISO 11907-2:1995 Plastics - Smoke generation - Determination of the corrosivity of fire effluents - Part 2: Static method
$138.00 ISO 11907-3:1998 Plastics - Smoke generation - Determination of the corrosivity of fire effluents - Part 3: Dynamic decomposition method using a travelling furnace
$138.00 ISO 11907-4:1998 Plastics - Smoke generation - Determination of the corrosivity of fire effluents - Part 4: Dynamic decomposition method using a conical radiant heater
$185.00 ISO 12136:2011 Reaction to fire tests - Measurement of material properties using a fire propagation apparatus
$68.00 ISO 12138:1996 Textiles - Domestic laundering procedures for textile fabrics prior to flammability testing
$138.00 ISO 12863:2010 Standard test method for assessing the ignition propensity of cigarettes
$19.00 ISO 12863:2010/Amd1:2016 - Amendment 1
$68.00 ISO 12952-1:2010 Textiles - Assessment of the ignitability of bedding items - Part 1: Ignition source: smouldering cigarette
$68.00 ISO 12952-2:2010 Textiles - Assessment of the ignitability of bedding items - Part 2: Ignition source: match-flame equivalent
$68.00 ISO 12992:1995 Plastics - Vertical flame spread determination for film and sheet
$45.00 ISO 13774:1998 Rubber and plastics hoses for fuels for internal-combustion engines - Method of test for flammability
$103.00 ISO 14624-1:2003 Space systems - Safety and compatibility of materials - Part 1: Determination of upward flammability of materials
$138.00 ISO 14624-2:2003 Space systems - Safety and compatibility of materials - Part 2: Determination of flammability of electrical-wire insulation and accessory materials
$68.00 ISO 14624-4:2003 Space systems - Safety and compatibility of materials - Part 4: Determination of upward flammability of materials in pressurized gaseous oxygen or oxygen-enriched environments
$209.00 ISO 14696:2009 Reaction-to-fire tests - Determination of fire and thermal parameters of materials, products and assemblies using an intermediate-scale calorimeter (ICAL)
$103.00 ISO 14934-1:2010 Fire tests - Calibration and use of heat flux meters - Part 1: General principles
$185.00 ISO 14934-2:2013 Fire tests - Calibration and use of heat flux meters - Part 2: Primary calibration methods
$103.00 ISO 14934-3:2012 Fire tests - Calibration and use of heat flux meters - Part 3: Secondary calibration method
$138.00 ISO 14934-4:2014 Fire tests - Calibration and use of heat flux meters - Part 4: Guidance on the use of heat flux meters in fire tests
$132.00 ISO/TS 14934-4:2007 Fire tests - Calibration of heat flux meters - Part 4: Guidance on the use of heat flux meters in fire tests
$45.00 ISO 15029-1:1999 Petroleum and related products -- Determination of spray ignition characteristics of fire-resistant fluids -- Part 1: Spray flame persistence -- Hollow-cone nozzle method
$162.00 ISO/TS 15029-2:2012 Petroleum and related products - Determination of spray ignition characteristics of fire-resistant fluids - Part 2: Spray test - Stabilized flame heat release method
$138.00 ISO 15791-1:2014 Plastics - Development and use of intermediate-scale fire tests for plastics products - Part 1: General guidance
$68.00 ISO/TS 16697:2012 Space systems - Safety and compatibility of materials - Method to determine the flammability thresholds of materials
$209.00 ISO/TR 17252:2008 Fire tests - Applicability of reaction to fire tests to fire modelling and fire safety engineering
$103.00 ISO/TS 17431:2006 Fire tests- Reduced-scale model box test
$138.00 ISO 17554:2014 Reaction to fire tests - Mass loss measurement
$123.00 ISO 17554:2005 Reaction to fire tests - Mass loss measurement
$162.00 ISO 21367:2007 Plastics - Reaction to fire - Test method for flame spread and combustion product release from vertically oriented specimens
$162.00 ISO 24473:2008 Fire tests - Open calorimetry - Measurement of the rate of production of heat and combustion products for fires of up to 40 MW
$162.00 ISO 25762:2009 Plastics - Guidance on the assessment of the fire characteristics and fire performance of fibre-reinforced polymer composites
$68.00 ISO 30021:2013 Plastics - Burning behaviour - Intermediate-scale fire-resistance testing of fibre-reinforced polymer composites
$68.00 ISO 340:2013 Conveyor belts - Laboratory scale flammability characteristics - Requirements and test method
$68.00 ISO 3582:2000 Flexible cellular polymeric materials -- Laboratory assessment of horizontal burning characteristics of small specimens subjected to a small flame
$19.00 ISO 3582/Amd1:2007 Cellular plastic and cellular rubber materials - Laboratory assessment of horizontal burning characteristics of small specimens subjected to a small flame - Amendment 1
$45.00 ISO 3795:1989 Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry -- Determination of burning behaviour of interior materials
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$138.00 ISO 4589-2:1996 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour by oxygen index - Part 2: Ambient-temperature test
$19.00 ISO 4589-2/Amd1:2005 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour by oxygen index - Part 2: Ambient-temperature test - Amendment 1
$103.00 ISO 4589-3:1996 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour by oxygen index - Part 3: Elevated-temperature test
$103.00 ISO 4880:1997 Burning behaviour of textiles and textile products - Vocabulary
$185.00 ISO 5659-2:2012 Plastics - Smoke generation - Part 2: Determination of optical density by a single-chamber test
$45.00 ISO 6925:1982 Textile floor coverings - Burning behaviour - Tablet test at ambient temperature
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$68.00 ISO 7176-16:2012 Wheelchairs - Part 16: Resistance to ignition of postural support devices
$68.00 ISO 7822:1990 Textile glass reinforced plastics - Determination of void content - Loss on ignition, mechanical disintegration and statistical counting methods
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$68.00 ISO 8191-1:1987 Furniture - Assessment of the ignitability of upholstered furniture - Part 1 : Ignition source : smouldering cigarette
$68.00 ISO 8191-2:1988 Furniture - Assessment of ignitability of upholstered furniture - Part 2 : Ignition source : match-flame equivalent
$68.00 ISO 871:2006 Plastics - Determination of ignition temperature using a hot-air furnace
$138.00 ISO 9239-1:2010 Reaction to fire tests for floorings - Part 1: Determination of the burning behaviour using a radiant heat source
$138.00 ISO 9239-2:2002 Reaction to fire tests for floorings - Part 2: Determination of flame spread at a heat flux level of 25 kW/m2
$45.00 ISO/TR 9240:1992 Textiles - Design of apparel for reduced fire hazard
$103.00 ISO 9772:2012 Cellular plastics - Determination of horizontal burning characteristics of small specimens subjected to a small flame
$68.00 ISO 9773:1998 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour of thin flexible vertical specimens in contact with a small-flame ignition source
$19.00 ISO 9773/Amd1:2003 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour of flexible vertical specimens in contact with a small-flame ignition source - Amendment 1: Specimens
$39.00 JIS A 1321:1994 Testing method for incombustibility of internal finish material and procedure of buildings
$29.00 JIS C 0066:2001 Flammability of solid non-metallic materials when exposed to flame sources -- List of test methods
$32.00 JIS C 60695-2-10:2004 Fire hazard testing -- Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure
$26.00 JIS C 60695-2-11:2004 Fire hazard testing -- Glow-wire flammability test method for end-products
$58.00 JIS C 60695-2-13:2013 Fire hazard testing -- Part 2-13: Glowing/hot-wire based test methods -- Glow-wire ignition temperature (GWIT) test method for materials
$103.00 ISO 12992:2017 Plastics - Vertical flame spread determination for film and sheet
$103.00 ISO/TS 15791-2:2017 Plastics - Development and use of intermediate-scale fire tests for plastics products - Part 2: Use of intermediate-scale tests for semi-finished and finished products
$45.00 ISO 4589-1:2017 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour by oxygen index - Part 1: General requirements
$162.00 ISO 4589-2:2017 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour by oxygen index - Part 2: Ambient-temperature test
$138.00 ISO 4589-3:2017 Plastics - Determination of burning behaviour by oxygen index - Part 3: Elevated-temperature test
$185.00 ISO 5659-2:2017 Plastics - Smoke generation - Part 2: Determination of optical density by a single-chamber test